Is Colorado the last to jump on the parametric bandwagon? Here is Bill and Tobias’s demystification of the parametric design process and its seemingly limitless iterative possibilities.. (and by the way, the answer is no, Colorado’s grassroots design community is already on board, with 1-2 people per firm that seem to be familiar with the tools, as well as a handful of fabricators and engineers locally.) Is that going to be enough to push Colorado’s design forward in terms of form and fabrication? The jury is still out, but as I see it, the more tools our design and construction community has in their repertoire, the fewer limitations they might have in creating designs that transcend the limitations of software and machines to create design that responds to the needs and potentials of the 21st century. – Beth Mosenthal, AIA Colorado blog contributor
“The Problem with Parametricism” by Bill Allen and Tobias Hathorn
Is parametricism the new bee’s knees? If you have attended or taught at any University in the last 5 years, you are well aware that the University is pushing this idea of parametric model building with their students. They are using such tools as Grasshopper and Dynamo coupled with Rhino and Revit. Students are coming out with this knowledge in technology, however you may ask yourself the question as an Architect in this industry, is any of this really applicable to what I do day to day?
This idea of parametricism is in fact is not a new concept at all, but in recent years has definitely become more main stream. My journey began about 6 years ago when I attended an ACADIA parametricism conference in 2011. I saw much value in the process during the conference, and decided to build my first parametric model using grasshopper.
My most recent parametric building….(clear throat)…“table” was a Design After Dark project with our team at OZ Architecture. We used grasshopper to parametrically model a unique profile for every carpet tile. We also programmed the tool to tag every carpet tile with a unique identifier and layer for fabrication of the table.
You may be looking at these images, and saying to yourself, “well it only makes crazy curvy non buildable forms. It’s great for making a wavy table, but there is no way that this can be applied to buildings”. Well, allow me to enlighten you on some projects that I have been fortunate enough to work on.
Parametric vehicular canopy using adaptive components and dynamo
Parking garage façade intended to simulate the mountains in Breckenridge, Colorado
These are the challenges I have come across personally when pushing and implementing these concepts in an architectural office.
- “It’s not buildable”
Inevitably when I show teams these types of projects, the criticism that comes up is that you can’t document it (or you will spend a long time documenting it) and you certainly can’t build it. Tools like grasshopper actually offer us some amazing utilities to help us design functional and buildable forms. Just one simple example of this is the planar test. How planar is an object?
Also, digital fabrication has come a long way as well. Rather than issuing “shop drawings” we can issue a “shop model”, and fabricate directly from a model.
- “I don’t want to be a programmer”
Below is a screen shot of the script I used to create the table with the carpet tiles I illustrated earlier. No doubt at first glance an architectural designer could be turned off by the interface. Give me Sketchup he or she says.
The interface does take some time, but keep in mind that building an object parametrically gives you the ability to create an enormous amount of design iterations simply by moving graph mappers and slider bars.
Additionally you can optimize your building design using Computational Design Iterations with Galapagos.
- “There’s no community”
With the advent of the internet and meetups exploding, this is no longer the case. Grasshopper has its own community website at www.grasshopper3d.com. Additionally in Colorado, we have created the Rocky Mountain Building Information Society (RoMBIS) Boulder/Denver Meetup. We recently hosted a discussion around the topic of “Construction and the Utilization of Parametric Technologies”.
In conclusion, I believe that there is a vast amount of resources and processes that we in the greater Colorado area have not even begun to scratch the surface on in the context of parametric modeling and Building Information Management. I would like to invite you personally to come geek out with us at one of the RoMBIS meetups either in Boulder or in Denver. Our meetups provide food, beverages, and knowledge. Through your participation, we as a community will have a greater influence on the direction of our society and our industry.