Out west, near Hawtch-Hawtch,
there’s a Hawtch-Hawtcher Bee-Watcher.
His job is to watch …
is to keep both his eyes on the lazy town bee.
A bee that is watched will work harder, you see.
Well…he watched and he watched.
But, in spite of his watch,
that bee didn’t work any harder. Not mawtch.
So then somebody said,
“Our old bee-watching man
just isn’t bee-watching as hard as he can.
He ought to be watched by another Hawtch-Hawtcher.
The thing that we need
is a Bee-Watcher-Watcher.
With my thanks (and apologies) to Dr. Suess, the Bee-Watcher always comes to mind when defending claims alleging negligent supervision and inspection against design professionals.
A recent case from the Court of Appeals in Mississippi provides guidance as to the liability of design professionals for supervision and inspection obligations beyond those assumed in their contract. In McKEAN, v. YATES ENGINEERING CORPORATION, an engineer was sued from injuries that resulted from scaffolding failure during the construction of a medical center.
The engineer was to provide design drawings for the scaffolding and second-story form work. The plan provided was fundamentally flawed. Even though the plan was effectively impossible to follow, the contractor had no comments or questions about the design and it ignored essential features of the scaffolding design.
After the scaffolding collapsed, the plaintiffs claimed the engineering firm was “negligent in inspecting the scaffold[ing] and failed and/or refused to correct known deficiencies and defects in the construction [that] made it dangerous to use prior to the subject incident.” The engineer, however, did not have that duty under its contract.
Plaintiffs claimed the engineer negligently failed to inspect the scaffolding before concrete was poured. However, there was no contractual duty on the engineer to do so. For this reason, the Court examined the circumstances when a design professional’s supervisory powers go beyond the provisions of a contract. It enumerated seven factors that it believed should be considered in determining whether there was such a duty. These were: (1) actual supervision and control of the work; (2) retention of the right to supervise and control; (3) constant participation in ongoing activities at the construction site; (4) supervision and coordination of subcontractors; (5) assumption of responsibilities for safety practices; (6) authority to issue change orders; and (7) the right to stop the work. The Court found that the evidence did not support the conclusion that engineer had a duty to inspect the scaffolding.
We frequently see similar claims of failure to observe, inspect, or supervise asserted against architects as well as engineers.
This case provides a cautionary tale and useful guidelines to design professionals about the risks of assuming obligations not contained in their contract.
If a design professional performs supervisory and inspection tasks, notwithstanding the limited scope of its contract, courts may find the design professional ‘assumed a duty of safety’ which may leave it liable for damages notwithstanding any understanding to the contrary.
Casey Quillen’s firm is a member of the AIATrust Legal Network providing full legal service to design professionals throughout Colorado. Ruebel & Quillen, LLC now has an office in Steamboat Springs, CO to better serve firms West of the Continental Divide.